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1- Which are the three layers of human body line of defenses? Also explain how it work.

2- Explain how the Inflammatory process occurs in normal physiologic response?

3- Describe the functions of each of the following Defense Cells and where are located: Dendritic Cells, Macrophages, Neutrophils, Eosinophils.

4- What is Phagocytosis?

5- Features of Local Acute Inflammation.

6- Systemic Manifestations of acute Inflammation.

7- What is wound healing by Secondar Intention?

8- Causes of Dysfunctional Wound Healing.

9- What is adaptive Immunity?

10- States functions of T Lymphocytes and B Lymphocytes.

11- Active Immunity vs Passive Immunity: differences and examples of.

12- What are antibodies? What is an antigen?

13- Explain about Neonate Immune Function.

14- Explain the four types of Hypersensitivity Reactions with examples of each.

15- Clinical Infections Disease has four stages…Mention these stages.

16- Concepts of epidemic, Endemic, and pandemic.

17- Bacteria can produce a variety of toxic molecules that may kill the individual’s cells, disrupt tissue, and protect the individual against inflammation. Explain what are Exotoxins and what are Endotoxins?

18- Explain the concept of Antigenic Variation.

19- Concept of AIDS. What are the target cells of HIV infection in human body to affect the immune system?

20- The current treatment for HIV infection is a combination of drugs called antiretroviral therapy (ART) that attacks different portions of the viral replication pathway.

Explain all steps and enzymes with its functions of this replication pathway.

21- Can neonates be infected with HIV? Why or why not?

22- Mention some of the Infections a patient with AIDS may develop.

23- Concept of Stress. Explain in a short paragraph what “Stress Response” is.

24- What is Coping skills? How can coping affect people during stress?